Sahib, a male honorific in colonial India, equivalent to 'sir', 'friend', or 'master', depending on context. Derives from sāhib (Arabic and Urdu); sāhab (Hindi).
eeda, a many-stringed instrument
Feringhee, derogatory colloquialism for a white-skinned person, i.e., a European. Historically, denoted the Portuguese foreigners who were the first significant group of Europeans to attempt to colonize India.
Vishnu, in Hinduism, the Preserver, incarnation of Brahma.
chunar, contextually referring to a silver-belled instrument though this has not been confirmed by our sources
satrap, a word that originates from Old Persian that denotes the governor of a province, sometimes used to denote any local ruler or a subordinate ruler
Dooctees, definition of -- the hill tribe of which the fictional Jeffur is the chief
Grand Laama, Great Monk
Chor, thief (Hindi)
bang, slang for an intoxicating liquor made from hemp
Donnybrook Fair, a fair held in Donnybrook, Ireland, from 1204 until its abolition in the 1850s. In the Victorian era, Donnybrook Fair was famous for its revelry and supposed chaos.
Siva, Destroyer, incarnation of the god Brahma in Hinduism; pronounced 'Shiva'.
Kalee, Hindu goddess of death and destruction, incarnation of Parvati; usually spelled 'Kali' in English.
Budda, lit. "awakened" in Sanskrit. Indian religious leader who lived c.6-4 B.C. E. and founded the Buddhist faith. Born Siddhartha Gautama, a hereditary ruler, Buddha abandoned his terrestrial office and its attendant luxuries to become an ascetic. Most particulars of his biography remain the subject of debate.
havildar, commander or quartermaster (Hindi; Arabic.)
Killmarnock, city in East Ayrshire, Scotland (Lowlands). Robert Burns' poetry (Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect, 1786) was first published in Kilmarnock. Also the sometime location of the original Johnnie Walker bottling plant.
Netherby, a town in North Yorkshire, England.
Tulwars, type of curved sword or sabre used in South Asia by cavalry and infantry (Hindi and Urdu).
Ghaut, water-stairs (Hindi); a cremation-space on the water; in modern English usually spelled ghat.
City of the Mogul, Delhi
griffins, military slang for newcomers
punkah, a large board hinged to the ceiling of apartments which acts as a fan
ryot, normally, an Indian peasant or tenant farmer; here, indicating a tenant farmer specifically.
ayah, nanny (Hindi, from the Portuguese 'aia').
El Hareeb, location of ancient Egyptian tombs. See Richard Lepsius, Letters from Egypt, Ethiopia, and the Peninsula of Sinai, translated by Leonora and Joanna B. Horner (London: Bohn, 1853), 16.
zemindar, from the Urdu, a landowner, especially one who leases his land to tenant farmers landed proprietor (Hindi).
Manillas, pennanular armlets made of bronze or copper, and sometimes gold, serving as currency in Western Africa.
cresset, metal container used as a lamp.
howdahs, carriages usually carried by elephants; often used in hunting or warfare; often a symbol of wealth, decorated with gems.
salaamed, verb form of 'salaam', a salute that accompanies a greeting; lit. "peace" (Arabic).
Padisha, derivative of 'king' (from the Persian).
32nd, British foot regiment that entered Lucknow in January 1857, relieving the H. M. 52nd, and fought with the Sepoy insurgents. The 32nd Regiment was commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel John Eardley Inglis. In April 1837 it consisted of approximately 700 men. See Julia Selina Inglis, The Siege of Lucknow: A Diary by the Honourable Lady Inglis (London: Osgood, 1892). University of Pennsylvania Digital Library, http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/inglis/lucknow/lucknow.html Retrieved November 9, 2014.
11th Cavalry, i.e., 11th "irregular cavalry," a detachment of the British Army in India that joined the revolt. See Charles Ball, The History of the Indian Revolt, 2 vols (London, 1858), 58.
Brahmin, priests; highest caste in the Hindu religion.
Thug, Indian hired assassin (Hindi); later became a colloquialism for a ruffian.
Child of nature, the French philosopher Jean-Jeacques Rousseau (1712-1778) in Èmile argued that children should be raised in nature (as if they were small animals), allowed to grow at their own pace and thus avoid the hypocricies of civilization. This connotation has particular significance given the prevalence of "wolf children" reported in India during this time. See John Lang's "Wolf Nurses" in Household Words, Vol. 6, 1853: 562; and Lang's "Wanderings in India" in Household Words,. Vol. 17, 1858: 135-145.
hubaboo, a riot; also a nonsense term used in Victorian Irish published folksong (Hibernian English). See The Dublin Comic Songster (Dublin: Duffy, 1841), 105, 180.
creese, of Malay origin from the word "kris", meaning dagger of Malay or Indonesian origin, usually with a wavy blade
shieling, from the Scottish Gaelic, a type of hut or collection of huts once common to lonely places in the hills and mountains of Scotland and northern England, also a word for mountain pasture grazing
pibroch, Scottish Gaelic for piping, traditionally of the Great Highland Bagpipe
bonny, Scottish Gaelic for attractive or pretty
kitchri, according to Rymer, a dish of curried fowl with goat, chillies, and other spicing
chaffratees, according to Rymer, a type of cake
Actually, on June 27, 1857, the day that supposedly had "the full, round moon," it was a waxing moon, 34.5120733936414% full.